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Pension

The Early Indicators project created three primary data sets: Military, Disease, and Census. The Military data set is a collection of wartime records (Regimental Record, Compiled Military Service Record, and Carded Medical Records) and post-war pension records.

Civil War pensions were available for veterans with disabilities as well as for deceased veterans' widows, minor children, dependent major children, and parents. Under the Act to Grant Pensions of July 14, 1862, the first pension legislation specific to the Civil War, the veterans were initially eligible only for disabilities (wounds or chronic illnesses) received during their wartime service. The Disability Act of June 27, 1890, changed that requirement and expanded eligibility to include disabilities not directly related to wartime experience. As a result, the number of men on the pension rolls swelled.

Pension records are housed at the National Archives and Records Administration in Washington, D.C. in RG 15, Records of the Department of Veterans Affairs, 1773-1985.

A veteran's PEN file often includes information on his:

Because a veteran could, and often did, apply for a pension under several acts or submit additional applications because of an increase in disability or dissatisfaction with the Pension Bureau's decision, files usually contain more than one pension application and record of action. Occasionally a pension file may include more than 20 sets of such forms.

A dependent pension generally includes data on:

A widow's pension usually includes:

CMR