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Citation and Use of Early Indicators Data

Citation Guide

Works using or referring to Early Indicator data sets should contain a citation for the appropriate sample and acknowledge federal grant support.

Union Army Sample:

Robert W Fogel, Dora L Costa, Michael Haines, Chulhee Lee, Louis Nguyen, Clayne Pope, Irvin Rosenberg, Nevin Scrimshaw, James Trussell, Sven Wilson, Larry T Wimmer, John Kim, Julene Bassett, Joseph Burton, Noelle Yetter. Aging of Veterans of the Union Army: Version M-5. Chicago: Center for Population Economics, University of Chicago Graduate School of Business, Department of Economics, Brigham Young University, and The National Bureau of Economic Research, 2000.

Original USCT Sample:

Robert W Fogel, Dora L Costa, Sven Wilson, Chulhee Lee, Louis Nguyen, Joseph Burton, and Noelle Yetter. The Aging of US Colored Troops. Chicago: Center for Population Economics, University of Chicago Graduate School of Business, and Department of Economics, Brigham Young University, 2004.

Expanded USCT Sample:

Dora L Costa, Robert W Fogel, Louis Cain, Sok Chul Hong, Sven Wilson, Louis Nguyen, Joseph Burton, and Noelle Yetter. The Aging of US Colored Troops. Chicago: Center for Population Economics, University of Chicago Booth School of Business, and The National Bureau of Economic Research, 2015.

Urban Sample:

Robert W Fogel, Dora L Costa, Hoyt Bleakley, Louis Cain, Sok Chul Hong, Chulhee Lee, Sven Wilson, Louis Nguyen, Joseph Burton, Noelle Yetter, and Carlos Villarreal. The Impact of Urban Disparities on Aging and Mortality. Chicago: Center for Population Economics, University of Chicago Booth School of Business, and The National Bureau of Economic Research, 2015.

Historical Urban Ecological Data Set:

Robert W Fogel, Dora L Costa, Carlos Villarreal, Brian Bettenhausen, Eric Hanss, Christopher Roudiez, Noelle Yetter, and Andrea Zemp. Historical Urban Ecological data set. Chicago: Center for Population Economics, University of Chicago Booth School of Business, and The National Bureau of Economic Research, 2014.

Acknowledging Federal Grant Support

The Early Indicators project collects and analyzes data on Union Army recruits and makes the material available for public use under the auspices of a generous program project grant from the National Institute on Aging of the National Institutes of Health. Each publication or other document that cites results from NIH grant-supported research must include an acknowledgement of NIH support and disclaimer such as "the project described was supported by Award Number P01 AG10120 from the National Institute on Aging. The content is solely the responsibility of the author(s) and does not necessarily represent the official views of the National Institute on Aging or the National Institute of Health." This mandate applies to all publications using the data, including working papers and posters, whether or not the researcher also received salary, travel, or other support from the grant. The title of the program project grant is Early Indicators of Later Work Levels, Disease and Death, Dora L. Costa, principal investigator. The reference number, which must be used in all acknowledgements, is P01 AG10120.

Additional Sample Acknowledgements:

Mandatory Public Access to Publications Resulting from NIH-Funded Research

All users of Early Indicators data are required to provide, in electronic format, a copy of the final pre-publication (preprint) manuscript of every peer-reviewed article at the time of acceptance for publication. The NIH Public Access Policy and instructions for accessing the National Institute of Health's on-line repository, PubMed, can be found at publicaccess.nih.gov. Contact the Early Indicators project's Research Manager with any questions.

EI Data Users Agreement

Non-academic users can find the EI Data User Agreement here. A copy of this agreement should be printed out, signed, and sent to the Research Manager.